Gas & Tax

ILLUVIA features a pivotal crypto-economic system deeply integrated into its blockchain. This economic framework revolves around the issuance of rewards, commonly referred to as "block rewards," bestowed upon responsible network contributors. Conversely, network users incur costs for their activities through the utilization of "gas," a resource that is acquired and immediately expended in the form of transaction fees.

To delve into the specifics, whenever a user initiates an operation that consumes a certain amount of gas (denoted as X gas), they purchase this gas at the prevailing gas price, expressed in ILLUVIA(ILLUVIA's native token) per unit of gas. Subsequently, the gas is expended during the operation, and the ILLUVIA used to acquire this gas constitutes the transaction fee.

These transaction fees eventually flow into the system, with a majority being allocated as block rewards to network contributors. A minor portion of these fees is earmarked as "taxes," levied on each transaction. The funds generated from these taxes are earmarked for the network development fund, which supports ongoing network management and enhancements. It's important to note that both gas fees and taxes are assessed using specialized formulas designed specifically for the ILLUVIA ecosystem.

Furthermore, it's worth highlighting that gas fees and taxes are solely applicable to transactions, while queries on the network remain entirely free of any associated charges.


As previously mentioned, the ILLUVIA blockchain network necessitates the use of gas to facilitate any transaction. Gas can be likened to the "energy" required to execute a specific task. Tasks that are more intricate, lengthy, or resource-intensive, both in terms of space and time, demand a greater amount of gas. Acquiring gas involves purchasing it at a designated gas price, which is paid for using ILLUVIA's native token (ILLUVIA). The gas is instantaneously utilized upon the initiation of a transaction.

Given ILLUVIA's fundamental nature as a database, let's illustrate the gas requirements involved in storing data within this database, using a "create" function as an example.

When storing data in ILLUVIA, it is essential to specify the duration for which the data will remain persistently stored. Once this specified time frame elapses, the data is subject to removal, unless it has been renewed or deleted prior to expiration. Typically, this temporal duration is specified in terms of the number of blocks, although we offer interfaces allowing time to be expressed in other units such as seconds. This timeframe is intrinsically linked to what we refer to as the "lease" for the data.

The lease effectively constitutes a cryptographic contractual agreement between the database user and the blockchain itself. It guarantees that, in exchange for the expended gas utilized in creating the data, the data will be securely stored and remain highly accessible to the user throughout the specified lease duration.

Crucially, the primary metric of interest here is the "Gas per DayByte." The term "DayByte" corresponds to the storage of one byte for a duration of one day. Therefore, "Gas Per DayByte" signifies the quantity of gas units required for each DayByte of storage and is expressed as a rate.


Tax rates are governed by the tax collector entity. Tax collection is baked into the blockchain, and applied automatically on every transaction processed by the blockchain. The tax collected is used to support the ongoing development and maintenance of ILLUVIA.

Transaction Fee Tax

The transaction fee tax is a direct imposition on the cumulative amount of fees, as discussed in the preceding section, associated with a transaction. The fee tax percentage is subtracted from the overall fees, ensuring that the total fees do not inflate due to the application of fee taxes. Following the deduction of the fee tax, the remaining amount contributes to the aggregate fee pool, which is subsequently distributed as a component of the block rewards.

In the context of ILLUVIA, a 2% fee tax is imposed when users engage in the buying or selling of ILLUVIA Tokens.

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